大宅门1912_卫生巾革命

????本文来自微信公众号:单向街书店(ID:OneWaystreet 2013)。头像:视觉中国,2月25日,emoji家族宣布将增加230个新的emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emo这一让互联网冲浪者惊喜的好消息也带来了额外的贡献:它收到了一个代表月经的表情:一滴RED液,“一滴血”的目的是鼓励女性更冷静地与家人和朋友谈论这件事。,很多时候,当谈到“月经”时,气氛仍然微妙而尴尬。在这个异化的现代场景中,我们习惯用“奇怪的代词”来表达它。“月经耻辱”终于迈出了不再耻辱的第一步。,但在印度,女性处于弱势地位,女孩固有的身体问题仍然面临许多令人难以置信的困境。,直到2018年初,该国仍然对奢侈品征收卫生巾关税,在6亿妇女中,只有12%的妇女在月经期间使用卫生巾;许多妇女使用破布、灰烬、树叶等来经期;传统的印度习俗甚至认为经期妇女会玷污她们家中的神明,决不应在他们的家在户外。,更糟的是,大多数贫穷的印度妇女根本买不起卫生巾;20%的适龄女孩在生理期开始后选择不上学。,如果这些数字勾勒出印度妇女使用卫生产品的恶劣环境,那么短片《每月革命》讲述了一些不同的故事,在这些故事中,情况正在发生变化。,《月度革命》获2019年第91届奥斯卡最佳纪录片短片,1。印度人眼中的月经是什么?,月经是印度最大的禁忌。有句俗语说:“女儿从不和母亲说话,妻子从不和丈夫说话,朋友从不互相说话。”那么,“什么是月经?”问题对他们来说不是空的。,一个十几岁的女孩会回答:“我知道这是什么,但我觉得很害羞。我不能这么说。”,在一位信奉印度教的老妇人看来,“这是只有上帝知道的事情,结果是坏血。”,对于已婚主妇来说,“因为月经,孩子可以出生,我知道。”,更多的女孩保持沉默,她们不知道怎么说话。,当被问到同样的问题时,印度的年轻男女要么无知:“上课时间?什么时候敲响警钟?”或者是一种简单的身体歧视:“是的,我听说,这是一种疾病,不是吗?”,在这部短片中,一位已婚妇女向观众讲述了月经是如何困扰她上学的故事。,2。亵渎希望,事实上,除了上学,月经也剥夺了印度妇女许多自由。在此期间,他们不能去寺庙或向任何神祈祷。家里的老一辈人会警告他们,上帝不会听到你的祈祷。,印度是“妇女最不安全”的国家,70%的妇女遭受家庭暴力,尤其是年轻妇女结婚、外出工作或独立时,这是不受鼓励的。对他们来说,没有工作机会。,所以,想当警察的斯奈哈是一个完全不同的人。她不仅觉得不允许妇女在经期进入寺庙是完全不合理的,因为她们所祈求的神也是妇女,而且她还面临着全村腐朽的成见,被视为“疯子”。,这种结构上的转变与短片中介绍的一个人有关,这是去年热门印度合作伙伴的原型,廉价卫生巾制造机的发明者和印度基层企业家Muruganantham(Arunachalam Mulugenantum)。,月球革命,在《印度伙伴》中,英雄拉克希米向媒体展示了如何制作简单的卫生巾。,印度伙伴,他的目标是把印度变成一个使用100%卫生巾的国家,即使目前的比例只有10%左右。至于卫生巾,很少有人使用,更不用说印度妇女了解卫生巾。很难想象,但很多人真的不知道。,塞内哈加入了生产商行列,并利用她的收入在德里接受警察考试的培训。,在路上,她提到了一个她认识的女孩。她是德里的一名警察。她结婚后没人认识她。人们只记得她父亲的名字。现在她父亲因她而出名。,3。听起来像个疯狂的梦。”,带着耻辱的耻辱,卫生巾工作坊开始了它的逆行之旅,在卡蒂基拉村,电影摄制组工作的妇女们像我们国家的姑姑一样聚集在广场上跳舞。,尽管印度妇女只是一个简单的机器和一个小小的开端,但她们的健康、生计和尊严至少得到了保证。他们把自己的产品商标标为“飞行”,带有一点地方风味。,所有的工作都是由这些妇女完成的,她们从一个商店到另一个商店,谈论质量和价格,挨家挨户推销,尽管非常困难。,听起来像个疯狂的梦。这个梦想彻底改变了凯蒂基拉村妇女的生活。他们因赚钱、在家无所事事、不顺从丈夫而受到尊敬。一位女工人甚至为她的兄弟们买了西装。通常,印度的习俗是相反的。,这部“现实意义第一”的纪录片短片接着说,正如一位网友yb亚博娱乐城的那样,“一个国家的文明现代化程度直接与女性假币的处理成正比,与假币的安全性和简单性正相关”。尽管这可能有失偏颇,但与印度的实际情况非常一致。,月球革命,但是,这部短片中的印度女性并没有受到她们教育水平的影响,反而显得过于清晰和超前。,最后,Seneha谈到了她内心的渴望,一个鼓舞人心的故事,似乎对成功充满怀疑,但她周围的社会背景和基础已经焕然一新:,本文来自微信公众号:单向街书店(ID:

ben wen lai zi wei xin gong zhong hao: dan xiang jie shu dian ID: OneWaystreet 2013. tou xiang: shi jue zhong guo, 2 yue 25 ri, emoji jia zu xuan bu jiang zeng jia 230 ge xin de emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emoji emo zhe yi rang hu lian wang chong lang zhe jing xi de hao xiao xi ye dai lai le e wai de gong xian: ta shou dao le yi ge dai biao yue jing de biao qing: yi di RED ye," yi di xue" de mu di shi gu li nv xing geng leng jing di yu jia ren he peng you tan lun zhe jian shi., hen duo shi hou, dang tan dao" yue jing" shi, qi fen reng ran wei miao er gan ga. zai zhe ge yi hua de xian dai chang jing zhong, wo men xi guan yong" qi guai de dai ci" lai biao da ta." yue jing chi ru" zhong yu mai chu liao bu zai chi ru de di yi bu., dan zai yin du, nv xing chu yu ruo shi di wei, nv hai gu you de shen ti wen ti reng ran mian lin xu duo ling ren nan yi zhi xin de kun jing., zhi dao 2018 nian chu, gai guo reng ran dui she chi pin zheng shou wei sheng jin guan shui, zai 6 yi fu nv zhong, zhi you 12 de fu nv zai yue jing qi jian shi yong wei sheng jin xu duo fu nv shi yong po bu hui jin shu ye deng lai jing qi chuan tong de yin du xi su shen zhi ren wei jing qi fu nv hui dian wu ta men jia zhong de shen ming, jue bu ying zai ta men de jia zai hu wai., geng zao de shi, da duo shu pin qiong de yin du fu nv gen ben mai bu qi wei sheng jin 20 de shi ling nv hai zai sheng li qi kai shi hou xuan ze bu shang xue., ru guo zhei xie shu zi gou le chu yin du fu nv shi yong wei sheng chan pin de e lie huan jing, na me duan pian mei yue ge ming jiang shu le yi xie bu tong de gu shi, zai zhei xie gu shi zhong, qing kuang zheng zai fa sheng bian hua., yue du ge ming huo 2019 nian di 91 jie ao si ka zui jia ji lu pian duan pian, 1. yin du ren yan zhong de yue jing shi shen me?, yue jing shi yin du zui da de jin ji. you ju su yu shuo:" nv er cong bu he mu qin shuo hua, qi zi cong bu he zhang fu shuo hua, peng you cong bu hu xiang shuo hua." na me," shen me shi yue jing?" wen ti dui ta men lai shuo bu shi kong de., yi ge shi ji sui de nv hai hui hui da:" wo zhi dao zhe shi shen me, dan wo jue de hen hai xiu. wo bu neng zhe me shuo.", zai yi wei xin feng yin du jiao de lao fu ren kan lai," zhe shi zhi you shang di zhi dao de shi qing, jie guo shi huai xue.", dui yu yi hun zhu fu lai shuo," yin wei yue jing, hai zi ke yi chu sheng, wo zhi dao.", geng duo de nv hai bao chi chen mo, ta men bu zhi dao zen me shuo hua., dang bei wen dao tong yang de wen ti shi, yin du de nian qing nan nv yao me wu zhi:" shang ke shi jian? shen me shi hou qiao xiang jing zhong?" huo zhe shi yi zhong jian dan de shen ti qi shi:" shi de, wo ting shuo, zhe shi yi zhong ji bing, bu shi ma?", zai zhe bu duan pian zhong, yi wei yi hun fu nv xiang guan zhong jiang shu le yue jing shi ru he kun rao ta shang xue de gu shi., 2. xie du xi wang, shi shi shang, chu le shang xue, yue jing ye bo duo le yin du fu nv xu duo zi you. zai ci qi jian, ta men bu neng qu si miao huo xiang ren he shen qi dao. jia li de lao yi bei ren hui jing gao ta men, shang di bu hui ting dao ni de qi dao., yin du shi" fu nv zui bu an quan" de guo jia, 70 de fu nv zao shou jia ting bao li, you qi shi nian qing fu nv jie hun wai chu gong zuo huo du li shi, zhe shi bu shou gu li de. dui ta men lai shuo, mei you gong zuo ji hui., suo yi, xiang dang jing cha de si nai ha shi yi ge wan quan bu tong de ren. ta bu jin jue de bu yun xu fu nv zai jing qi jin ru si miao shi wan quan bu he li de, yin wei ta men suo qi qiu de shen ye shi fu nv, er qie ta hai mian lin zhe quan cun fu xiu de cheng jian, bei shi wei" feng zi"., zhe zhong jie gou shang de zhuan bian yu duan pian zhong jie shao de yi ge ren you guan, zhe shi qu nian re men yin du he zuo huo ban de yuan xing, lian jia wei sheng jin zhi zao ji de fa ming zhe he yin du ji ceng qi ye jia Muruganantham Arunachalam Mulugenantum., yue qiu ge ming, zai yin du huo ban zhong, ying xiong la ke xi mi xiang mei ti zhan shi liao ru he zhi zuo jian dan de wei sheng jin., yin du huo ban, ta de mu biao shi ba yin du bian cheng yi ge shi yong 100 wei sheng jin de guo jia, ji shi mu qian de bi li zhi you 10 zuo you. zhi yu wei sheng jin, hen shao you ren shi yong, geng bu yong shuo yin du fu nv liao jie wei sheng jin. hen nan xiang xiang, dan hen duo ren zhen de bu zhi dao., sai nei ha jia ru le sheng chan shang hang lie, bing li yong ta de shou ru zai de li jie shou jing cha kao shi de pei xun., zai lu shang, ta ti dao le yi ge ta ren shi de nv hai. ta shi de li de yi ming jing cha. ta jie hun hou mei ren ren shi ta. ren men zhi ji de ta fu qin de ming zi. xian zai ta fu qin yin ta er chu ming., 3. ting qi lai xiang ge feng kuang de meng.", dai zhe chi ru de chi ru, wei sheng jin gong zuo fang kai shi le ta de ni xing zhi lv, zai ka di ji la cun, dian ying she zhi zu gong zuo de fu nv men xiang wo men guo jia de gu gu yi yang ju ji zai guang chang shang tiao wu., jin guan yin du fu nv zhi shi yi ge jian dan de ji qi he yi ge xiao xiao de kai duan, dan ta men de jian kang sheng ji he zun yan zhi shao de dao le bao zheng. ta men ba zi ji de chan pin shang biao biao wei" fei xing", dai you yi dian di fang feng wei., suo you de gong zuo dou shi you zhei xie fu nv wan cheng de, ta men cong yi ge shang dian dao ling yi ge shang dian, tan lun zhi liang he jia ge, ai jia ai hu tui xiao, jin guan fei chang kun nan., ting qi lai xiang ge feng kuang de meng. zhe ge meng xiang che di gai bian le kai di ji la cun fu nv de sheng huo. ta men yin zhuan qian zai jia wu suo shi shi bu shun cong zhang fu er shou dao zun jing. yi wei nv gong ren shen zhi wei ta de xiong di men mai le xi zhuang. tong chang, yin du de xi su shi xiang fan de., zhe bu" xian shi yi yi di yi" de ji lu pian duan pian jie zhe shuo, zheng ru yi wei wang you ping lun de na yang," yi ge guo jia de wen ming xian dai hua cheng du zhi jie yu nv xing jia bi de chu li cheng zheng bi, yu jia bi de an quan xing he jian dan xing zheng xiang guan". jin guan zhe ke neng you shi pian po, dan yu yin du de shi ji qing kuang fei chang yi zhi., yue qiu ge ming, dan shi, zhe bu duan pian zhong de yin du nv xing bing mei you shou dao ta men jiao yu shui ping de ying xiang, fan er xian de guo yu qing xi he chao qian., zui hou, Seneha tan dao le ta nei xin de ke wang, yi ge gu wu ren xin de gu shi, si hu dui cheng gong chong man huai yi, dan ta zhou wei de she hui bei jing he ji chu yi jing huan ran yi xin:, ben wen lai zi wei xin gong zhong hao: dan xiang jie shu dian ID:

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